On 25.06.2021, a group of medievalists discussed the question ‘what happens when history is evoked in conflicts’? Specifically: did such discourse take place? – how did it happen? – why did it happen? in medieval cases and sources, ranging from the Scottish Marches to Sardinia, and from lawsuits to references to burial mounds. What functions did such historical discourse have: was it for instance a call for change or a call for preservation in a conflict?... And who used the memory of a sometimes distant past in the heat of a clash? The historical argument in conflicts was not only an interpretation of the past. Various actors within such conflict gave meaning to events and relations in the past, and made use of the historical discourse for specific ends. Another two webinars on this topic are being organized. Find out more in the summaries of the presentations in the Webinars Blog and follow the discussions on Twitter.